Annex A of the ISO 27001:2022 standard provides a comprehensive list of information security controls that can be implemented by organizations to protect their information systems and assets. While these controls are presented in the context of typical IT systems, the underlying principles can be applied to other domains as well.
As an example, consider how some of the key controls listed in Annex A could map to security controls in an automobile:
- Access Control (5.15) - In a car, this could include using keys, keyless entry fobs, or other authentication methods to control who can access and operate the vehicle.
- Identity Management (5.16) - Cars often have identity management through features like personalized driver profiles that store seat, mirror, radio preset, and other settings unique to individual drivers.
- Configuration Management (8.9) - Vehicle manufacturers release software updates to fix vulnerabilities or add new features, much like configuring systems. Dealerships ensure vehicles have the latest configurations.
- Logging (8.15) - Event data recorders in cars log diagnostics, crashes, and other events much like system logs. This data helps with issues and investigations.
- Monitoring Activities (8.16) - Telematics systems can monitor car location, usage patterns, and detect anomalies to identify potential issues or unauthorized use.
While cars and IT systems have different purposes, both rely on foundational security principles and controls to protect assets, data, and users. The mapping here shows how the concepts in ISO 27001 can apply more broadly.